A tooth extraction is a surgical procedure that removes a tooth from its socket in the jawbone. If you currently have pain, dental decay, or another issue with your tooth, an Aliso Viejo general dentist may suggest your tooth be removed. Extractions can be complicated depending on the type of tooth being extracted and the location of the extraction site.
Let us now see the major risks or complications associated with tooth extraction.
- Post-surgical infection
Although tooth extraction is a common procedure, it can also be risky. One possible complication with tooth extraction is an infection that might require medical treatment. With that said, the doctor will have to take extra caution when proceeding with the surgery because patients can easily develop a disease such as osteomyelitis or septic arthritis.
- Dry socket
Another risk for tooth extraction is a dry socket, which is a condition where the blood clot does not form properly. As a result, patients may experience severe pain, and even find it difficult to eat or drink. A dry socket occurs most frequently around the extraction site because no blood clot forms in this area.
- Nerve injury
The most common complication from tooth extraction is a nerve injury. There are many nerves and blood vessels that may be affected when the tooth is removed. For that reason, the doctor will have to be careful when trying to remove the tooth because this may be detrimental to the patient.
- Perforation of maxillary sinus
There is also a risk of perforation of the maxillary sinus, which is a very rare complication. This complication occurs when the doctor does not follow the correct procedure during tooth extraction. So, if you are unsure about your doctor’s training or qualifications, do not hesitate to ask.
- Concussion of teeth in the adjacent area
This is also a common complication and involves damage to natural teeth in an adjacent area. It can occur during the tooth extraction process as well as after it has been completed. If this occurs, you might need a crown, root canal, or even a bridge procedure.
- Delayed healing
Also, there is the possibility of delayed healing following tooth extraction, depending on the person and circumstances. Delayed healing may also result in infection. So, it is recommended to take good care of the extraction site until the cut heals. It is also recommended to use ice packs or a cold compress to treat any swelling that may occur.